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(b) Teacher’s socio-economic background.
(c) Communication skill of the teacher.
(d) Teacher’s ability to please the students.
(e) Teacher’s personal contact with students.
(f) Teacher’s competence in managing and monitoring the classroom transactions.
(1) (b), (c) and (d)
(2) (c), (d) and (f)
(3) (b), (d) and (e)
(4) (a), (c) and (f)
2. The use of teaching aids is justified on the grounds of
(1) attracting students’ attention in the class room.
(2) minimising indiscipline problems in the classroom.
(3) optimising learning outcomes of students.
(4) effective engagement of students in learning tasks.
3. The purpose of higher education is to promote critical and creative
thinking abilities among students. Reason (R) : These abilities ensure job placements. Choose the correct answer from the following code :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(2) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(3) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(4) (A) is false but (R) is true.
4. A researcher intends to explore the effect of possible factors for the organization of effective mid-day meal interventions. Which research method will be most appropriate for this study ?
(1) Historical method
(2) Descriptive survey method
(3) Experimental method
(4) Ex-post-facto method
5. Which of the following is an initial mandatory requirement for pursuing research ?
(1) Developing a research design
(2) Formulating a research question
(3) Deciding about the data analysis procedure
(4) Formulating a research hypothesis
6. The format of thesis writing is the same as in
(1) preparation of a research paper/article
(2) writing of seminar presentation
(3) a research dissertation
(4) presenting a workshop / conference paper
7. In qualitative research paradigm, which of the following features may be considered critical ?
(1) Data collection with standardised research tools.
(2) Sampling design with probability sample techniques.
(3) Data collection with bottom-up empirical evidences.
(4) Data gathering to take place with top-down systematic evidences.
8. From the following list of statements identify the set which has negative implications for
‘research ethics’ :
(i) A researcher critically looks at the findings of another research.
(ii) Related studies are cited without proper references.
(iii) Research findings are made the basis for policy making.
(iv) Conduct of practitioner is screened in terms of reported research evidences.
(v) A research study is replicated with a view to verify the evidences from other researches.
(vi) Both policy making and policy implementing processes are regulated in terms of preliminary studies.
(1) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(2) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(3) (ii), (iv) and (vi)
(4) (i), (iii) and (v)
9. In a research on the effect of child-rearing practices on stress-proneness of children in completing school projects, the hypothesis formulated is that ‘child rearing practices do influence stress-proneness’. At the data-analysis stage a null hypothesis is advanced to find out the tenability of research hypothesis. On the basis of the evidence available, the null hypothesis is rejected at 0.01 level of significance. What decision may be warranted in respect of the research hypothesis ?
(1) The research hypothesis will also be rejected.
(2) The research hypothesis will be accepted.
(3) Both the research hypothesis and the null hypothesis will be rejected.
(4) No decision can be taken in respect of the research hypothesis.
10. Read the following passage carefully and answer question numbers from 11 to 16 :
In terms of labour, for decades the relatively low cost and high quality of Japanese workers conferred considerable competitive advantage across numerous durable goods and consumer-electronics industries (eg. Machinery, automobiles, televisions, radios). Then labour-based advantages shifted to South Korea, then to Malaysia, Mexico and other nations. Today, China appears to be capitalizing best on the basis of labour. Japanese firms still remain competitive in markets for such durable goods, electronics and other products, but the labour force is no longer sufficient for competitive advantage over manufacturers in other industrializing nations. Such shifting of labour-based advantage is clearly not limited to manufacturing industries. Today, a huge number of IT and service jobs are moving from Europe and North America to India, Singapore, and like countries with relatively well-educated, low-cost workforces possessing technical skills. However, as educational levels and technical skills continue to rise in other countries, India, Singapore, and like nations enjoying labour-based competitive advantage today are likely to find such advantage cannot be sustained through emergence of new competitors.
In terms of capital, for centuries the days of gold coins and later even paper money restricted financial flows. Subsequently regional concentrations were formed where large banks, industries and markets coalesced. But today capital flows internationally at rapid speed. Global commerce no longer requires regional interactions among business players. Regional capital concentrations in places such as New York, London and Tokyo still persist, of course, but the capital concentrated there is no longer sufficient for competitive advantage over other capitalists distributed worldwide. Only if an organization is able to combine, integrate and apply its resources (eg. Land, labour, capital, IT) in
(1) South Korea